The Linguasphere Register

of the world’s languages and speech communities

The linguascale

Change sector or zone

Geosector 0= AFRICA

Phylosector 1= AFRO-ASIAN

Geosector 2= AUSTRALASIA

Phylosector 3= AUSTRONESIAN

Geosector 4= EURASIA

Phylosector 5= INDO-EUROPEAN

Geosector 6= NORTH-AMERICA

Phylosector 7= SINO-INDIAN

Geosector 8= SOUTH-AMERICA

Phylosector 9= TRANSAFRICAN

Geosector 0= AFRICA



Covers the Kalahari reference area (within the "wider Khoisan" hypothesis), composed of the "North-Khoisan" set 09-A plus the remaining sets within the "South-Khoisan" hypothesis.

Comprising 5 sets of languages (= 14 outer languages) spoken by hunter-gatherer communities in Southwestern Africa, in and around the Kalahari desert and Orange basin.

Certain languages (indicated by a star *) and the final set of languages (09-E C’xam+ ’Katkop’*) are classified notionally, in the absence of adequate or consistent information.

The symbols used conventionally to transcribe consonantal clicks in many language-names within zones 08= and 09= are recorded in column 3, but these symbols have been converted to Latin alphabetic characters for the spelling and indexing of reference-names (all names in column 2, and bold names in column 3) as follows:

- p’ = bilabial click (

- c’ = dental click /

- t’ = dento-alveolar click ≠

- q’ = retroflex click !

- l’ = lateral click //.

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